Southwest Sciences Inc Papers

Our papers cover both development of new techniques and their applications to challenging measurements. Areas of application include

Atmosphere and the Environment

"Fast response cavity enhanced ozone monitor," A. L. Gomez and E. P. Rosen, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 487-494, (2013). www.atmos-meas-tech.net/6/487/2013/ doi:10.5194/amt-6-487-2013.

"Vertical cavity laser hygrometer for the National Science Foundation Gulfstream-V aircraft," M. A. Zondlo, M. E. Paige, S. M. Massick and J. A. Silver, J. Geophys. Research vol. 115, D20309, doi:10.1029/2010JD014445 (2010).

"Compact and Low-Power Diode Laser Hygrometer for Weather Balloons," M. E. Paige, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 22, 1219 - 1224 (2005).

"A Comparison of Near-Infrared Diode Laser Techniques for Airborne Hygrometry," J. A. Silver and D. C. Hovde, J. Atmos. Ocean Technol. 15, 29 (1998).

"Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy of Water Vapor Using a Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser," D. C. Hovde and C. A. Parsons, Appl. Opt. 36, 1135 (1997).

"Measurement of Nitric Oxide Using an Antimonide Diode Laser," D. B. Oh and A. C. Stanton, Appl. Opt. 36, 3294 (1997). Reprint Copyright ©1997 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Applied Optics, Vol. 36, 1997, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Near-Infrared Diode Laser Hygrometer for Airborne Measurements," J. A. Silver and D. C. Hovde, Ninth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, 331, Amer. Meteorological Society, Boston, MA (1995).

Light-weight moisture sensor for weather balloons A light-weight hygrometer on a single circuit board was designed for moisture sensing from weather balloons with high sensitivity and accuracy.

"Methane Emissions from a Landfill Measured by Eddy Correlation Using a Fast Response Diode Laser Sensor," D. C. Hovde, T. P. Meyers, A. C. Stanton and D. R. Matt, J. Atmos. Chem. 20, 141 (1995).

"Near-Infrared Diode Laser Airborne Hygrometer," J. A. Silver and D. C. Hovde, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1691 (1994).

"Measuring Atmospheric Methane and Water Vapor using Near-Infrared Diode Lasers," D. C. Hovde, J. A. Silver and A. C. Stanton, SPIE Proceedings, Vol. 2112, 110 (1994).

"Measurement of Atmospheric Species by Mid-Infrared and Near-Infrared Tunable Diode Laser Absorption," A. C. Stanton, D. S. Bomse, J. A. Silver, D. C. Hovde, and D. B. Oh, in Monitoring of Gaseous Pollutants by Tunable Diode Lasers, Proceedings of the International Symposium held in Freiburg, Germany, 17-18 October 1991, R. Grisar, H. Boettner, M. Tacke, and G. Restelli, eds. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), pp. 31-40.

"Airborne Measurements of Humidity Using a Single-Mode Pb-Salt Diode Laser," J. A. Silver and A. C. Stanton, Appl. Opt. 26, 2558 (1987).

Combustion and Fire Detection

"Laser-Based Mass Flow Rate Sensor Onboard HIFiRE Flight 1," S.-J. Chen, M. E. Paige, J. A. Silver, S. Williams and T. Barhorst, presented at the 45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, 2 - 5 August 2009, Denver, Colorado, paper AIAA 2009-5065. Reprint Copyright © 2009 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344.

"Development of an In Flight Non-intrusive Mass Capture System," T. Barhorst, S. Williams, S.-J. Chen, M. E. Paige, J. A. Silver, A. Sappey, P. McCormick, P. Masterson, Q. Zhao, L. Sutherland, I. Smith, P. VanHoudt, J. Hannam, D. Owenby, presented at the 45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, 2 - 5 August 2009, Denver, Colorado, paper AIAA 2009-5067. Reprint Copyright © 2009 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344.

"Imaging Sensor for Chemical Species, Temperature and Pressure Measurements," S.-J. Chen, J. A. Silver, D. J. Kane, and D. S. Bomse, presented at the 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit 21-23 July 2008, Hartford, CT, paper AIAA 2008-4965. Reprint Copyright © 2008 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344.

"Fire Detection Using Smoke and Gas Sensors," S.-J. Chen, D. C. Hovde, K. A. Peterson, and A. W. Marshall, Fire Safety Journal 42 507–515 (2007).

Carbon Monoxide Sensor for Combustion Feedback Control," J.A. Silver and S.-J. Chen, presented at the 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, 9-12 January, 2006, Reno, NV, paper AIAA 2006-0748.Reprint Copyright © 2006 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344

"Combustion Species Sensor for Scramjet Flight Instrumentation," Chen, S.-J., Silver, J. A., Bomse, D. S., C. C. Rassmussen and Driscoll, J. A., presented at the 41st AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference, 10-13 July, 2005,Tucson, AZ, paper AIAA 2005-3574.

"Detection of Explosive Mixtures in the Ullage of Aircraft Fuel Tanks," S.-J. Chen and J. A. Silver, presented at the 42nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, 5-8 January 2004, Reno, NV, paper AIAA 2004-0548. Reprint Copyright © 2004 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344

Spectroscopy used to map water vapor concentration in a flameTunable diode laser spectroscopy used to map water vapor concentration in a flame

"Early fire sensing using near-IR diode laser spectroscopy," D. S. Bomse, D. C. Hovde, S.-J. Chen, and J. A. Silver, in Diode Lasers and Applications in Atmospheric Sensing, Alan Fried, Editor, Proc. SPIE 4817, 73-81 (2002).

"Mixture Fraction Measurements via WMS/ITAC in a Microgravity Vortex Ring Diffusion Flame," W. J. A. Dahm, S.-J. Chen, J. A. Silver, J. A. Mullin and N. D. Piltch, Proc. Comb. Inst. 29: 2519-2526.

"Mixture Fraction Measurements via WMS/ITAC in a Laminar Diffusion Flame," S.-J. Chen, J. A. Silver, W. J. A. Dahm and N. D. Piltch, Proc. Comb. Inst. 29:2679-2685.

"Real-time Quantitative 2-D Imaging of Water Vapor in Diffusion Flames," D. J. Kane, J. S. Goldmeer, and J. S. Pilgrim, presented at the 38th Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, 10-13 January 2000, Reno, NV, paper AIAA 2000-0951. Reprint Copyright © 1999 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191

"Quantitative, High Sensitivity Diagnostics of Combustion Radicals Using Wavelength-modulated UV Sources," K. A. Peterson and D. B. Oh, presented at the 38th Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, 10-13 January 2000, Reno, NV, paper AIAA 2000-0777. Reprint Copyright © 1999 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191

"Time Resolved Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy Measurements of HO2 Kinetics," D. B. Oh and C. A. Taatjes, Appl. Opt. 36, 5817 (1997). Reprint Copyright © 1997Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Applied Optics, Vol. 36, No. 24, 1997, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Diode-Laser-Based Sum-frequency Generation of Tunable Wavelength-Modulated UV Light for OH Radical Detection," D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 20, 100 (1995).

"In Situ Diode Laser Absorption Measurements of Plasma Species in a GEC Reference Cell Reactor," D. B. Oh, A. C. Stanton, H. M. Anderson and M. P. Splichal, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 954 (1995).

"Quantitative Species Measurements in Microgravity Flames with Near-IR Diode Lasers," J. A. Silver, D. J. Kane, and P. S. Greenberg, Appl. Opt. 34, 2787 (1995).

"Diode Laser Measurements of Trace Concentrations of Ammonia in an Entrained-Flow Coal Reactor," J. A. Silver, D. S. Bomse, and A. C. Stanton, Appl. Opt. 30, 1505 (1991).

"Diode Laser Measurements of Concentration and Temperature in Microgravity Combustion," J. A. Silver and D. J. Kane, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 845-852 (1999).

"High-sensitivity detection of CH radicals in flames by use of a diode-laser-based near-ultraviolet light source," K. A. Peterson and D. B. Oh, Opt. Lett. 24, 667 (1999). Reprint Copyright © 1999 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Optics Letters, Vol. 24, 1999 and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Measurement of Formyl Radical Line Strength in the 2A 2A Band System Using Visible/Near-Infrared Diode Laser Absorption," D. B. Oh, A. C. Stanton and J. A. Silver, J. Phys. Chem. 97, 2246 (1993).

Medical Diagnostics and Imaging

"Optical Probe for Monitoring Blade Tip Clearance," A.B. Vakhtin, S.-J. Chen, and S. M. Massick, paper AIAA 2009-507 presented at the 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including The New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 5 - 8 January 2009, Orlando, Florida. Copyright © 2009 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191

"Demonstration of complex-conjugate-resolved harmonic Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography imaging of biological samples," A. B. Vakhtin, K. A. Peterson, and D. J. Kane, Appl. Opt. 46, 3870-3877 (2007). Copyright © 2007 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Applied Optics, Vol. 46, No. 18, 2007, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Complex-conjugate-resolved imaging using two-harmonic FD-OCT," A. B. Vakhtin, K. A. Peterson, and D. J. Kane, in Coherence Domain Optical Methods and Optical Coherence Tomography in Biomedicine XI, edited by J. G. Fujimoto, J. A. Izatt, V. V. Tuchin, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6429, 64291A (2007).

Example of an image obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) Image obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT).

"Breath acetone detection," S. M. Massick, A. Vakhtin, in Optical Methods in the Life Sciences. Edited by Analoui, Mostafa; Belyanin, Alexey A.; Drezek, Rebekah A.; Gmachl, Claire F.; Robinson, J. Paul. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6386, 63660O(2006).

"An adaptive singular value decomposition (SVD) algorithm for analysis of wavelength modulation spectra," D.S. Bomse and D.J. Kane, Appl. Phy. B: Lasers and Optics, 85 461-466 (2006).

"Resolving the complex conjugate ambiguity in Fourier-domain OCT by harmonic lock-in detection of the spectral interferogram," A. B. Vakhtin, K. A. Peterson, and D. J. Kane, Opt. Lett. 31, 1271-1273 (2006). Available at http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-31-9-1271

"Simultaneous acquisition of the real and imaginary components in Fourier domain optical coherence tomography using harmonic detection," A. B. Vakhtin, D. J. Kane and K. A. Peterson, in Smart Medical and Biomedical Sensor Technology IV, edited by B. M. Cullum, J. C. Carter, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6380, 63800N, (2006).

"A common path interferometer for frequency domain optical coherence tomography," A. B. Vakhtin, D. J. Kane, W. R. Wood, and K. A. Peterson, Applied Optics 42, No. 34 6953-6958 (2003).

"Differential spectral interferometry: an imaging technique for biomedical applications," A. B. Vakhtin, K. A. Peterson, W. R. Wood, and D. J. Kane, Optics Letters, 28, No. 15, 1332-1334 (2003).

Process Monitoring and Industrial Hygiene

"Gas imaging with wavelength modulation spectroscopy and a micromirror array," C. Hovde, S.-J. Chen, K. A. Peterson and M. Paige, in Proc. SPIE Vol. 5995, Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection III; J. O. Jensen, J.-M. Thériault; Eds. p. 167-173 (2005).

"Miniature gas sensor for monitoring biological space environments," J. A. Silver and W. R. Wood, in Diode Lasers and Applications in Atmospheric Sensing, Alan Fried, Editor, Proc. SPIE 4817, 82-87 (2002).

System to monitor HF leaks at oil refineriesSystem to monitor HF leaks at oil refineries

"Diode Pumped Solid State Laser Photoacoustic Spectrometer," J. S. Pilgrim and D. S. Bomse,Trends in Optics and Photonics ASSL 50, 231-232 (2001). Copyright © 2001 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Trends in Optics and Photonics ASSL 50 2001, 231-232, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Wavelength–Modulation Laser Hygrometer for Ultrasensitive Detection of Water Vapor in Semiconductor Gases," D. C. Hovde, J. T. Hodges, G. E. Scace and J. A. Silver, Appl. Opt. 40, 829-839 (2001). Reprint Copyright © 2001 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Applied Optics, Vol. 40, 2001, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Frequency Modulation Multiplexing for Simultaneous Detection of Multiple Gases by use of Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy with Diode Lasers," D. B. Oh, M. E. Paige and D. S. Bomse, Appl. Opt. 37, 2499 (1998). Reprint Copyright © 2003 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Applied Optics, Vol. 37, 1998, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Applications of Diode Laser Spectroscopy to Environmental and Industrial Process Monitoring," A. C. Stanton, J. A. Silver, D. S. Bomse, D. B. Oh, D. C. Hovde, M. E. Paige, and D. J. Kane, in Application of Tunable Diode and Other Infrared Sources for Atmospheric Studies and Industrial Process Monitoring, A. Fried, ed., Proc. SPIE 2834, 41 (1996).

"Wavelength Modulation Dectection of Acetylene with a Near-Infrared External Cavity Diode Laser," D. B. Oh and D. C. Hovde, Appl. Opt. 34, 7002 (1995).

"Trace Gas Detection Using Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers," D. C. Hovde, J. A. Silver, D. J. Kane, D. S. Bomse, D. B. Oh, and A. C. Stanton, Optical Remote Sensing for Environmental and Process Monitoring, Proceedings of an International Specialty Conference, San Francisco, CA 1995.

"Diode Laser Spectroscopy for On-Line Chemical Analysis," D. S. Bomse, D. C. Hovde, D. B. Oh, J. A. Silver and A. C. Stanton, in Optically Based Methods for Process Analysis, SPIE Proceedings, Vol. 1681, 138 (1992).

FROG, Electric and Magnetic Fields

“All-Optical Vector Atomic Magnetometer,” B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014);arXiv:1403.7545.

"Commercial Magnetometers and their Application," D. C. Hovde, M. D. Prouty, I Hrvoic and R. E. Slocum, in Optical Magnetometry, D. Budker and D. F. Jackson Kimball, eds., Cambridge University Press, New York (2013).

"A Remotely  Interrogated All-Optical 87Rb Magnetometer," B. Patton, O. Versolato, D. C. Hovde, E. Corsini, J. Higbie, and D. Budker,   Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 083502 (2012); arXiv:1208.1236.

"Heading error in an alignment-based magnetometer," C. Hovde, B. Patton, O. Versolato, E. Corsini, S. Rochester, and D. Budker, Proc. SPIE (2011) DOI: 10.1117/12.883953.

"Sensitive optical atomic magnetometer based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," C. Hovde, B. Patton, E. Corsini, J. Higbie and D. Budker,  Proc. SPIE 7693, 769313 (2010); (arXiv:1003.1531)

"Detection of high-speed voltage waveforms in GaN devices using electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation," D. J. Kane and W. Wood, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 1669-1671 (2006).

"Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with frequency-modulated light in the geophysical field range," V. Acosta, M. P. Ledbetter, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Jackson-Kimball, D. C. Hovde, W. Gawlik, S. Pustelny, and J. Zachorowski, Phys. Rev. A 73, 053404 (2006); physics/0602109.

"Real-time inversion of polarization gate frequency-resolved optical gating spectrograms," D. J. Kane, J. Weston, and K.-C. J. Chu, Appl. Opt. 42, 1140-1144 (2003). Reprint Copyright © 2003 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Applied Optics, Vol. 42, No. 6, 2003, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation in GaN devices," K. A. Peterson and D. J. Kane, Opt. Lett. 26(7), 438-440 (2001). Reprint Copyright © 2001 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Optics Letters, Vol. 26, No. 7, 2001, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Sagnac lnterferometry for Background Subtraction in Pump-Probe Spectroscopy," K. A. Peterson and D. J. Kane, presented at the 38th Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, 10-13 January 2000, Reno, NV, paper AIAA 2000-0952. Reprint Copyright © 1999 by Southwest Sciences, Inc. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. For permission to copy or republish, contact the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191

"New convergence test for inversion of FROG spectrograms," D. J. Kane, F. G. Omenetto, et al., Opt. Lett. 25(16) 1216-1218 (2000). Reprint Copyright © 2000 Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Optics Letters, Vol. 25, No.1 6, 2000, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Guest Editorial--The Dilemma of Ultrashort-Laser-Pulse Intensity and Phase Measurement and Applications," R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 35(4), 418-420 (1999).

"Recent Progress Toward Real-Time Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses," D. J. Kane, IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 35(4), 421-431 (1999). Reprint © 1999 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

"Real-Time Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses Using Principal Component Generized Projections," D. J. Kane, IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 4, 278-284 (1998). Reprint © 1998 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

"Measuring Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Time-Frequency Domain Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating," R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittingholf, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277-3295 (1997).

"Simultaneous Measurement of Two Ultrashort Laser Pulses from a Single Spectrogram in a Single Shot," D. J. Kane, G. Rodriguez, et al., J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14 , 935-943 (1997). Reprint Copyright © 1997Optical Society of America. This paper was published in Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 14, 1997, and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

"Single-Shot Measurment of the Intensity and Phase of a Femtoseond UV Laser Pulse Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating," D. J. Kane, A. J. Taylor, et al., Opt. Lett. 19, 1061-1063 (1994).

"Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: Measuring the Intensity and Phase of an Ultrashort Laser Pulse," K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittingholf, et al., in Ultrafast Phenomena IX. P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou and A. H. Zewail. Berlin, Springer-Veralg, 127-131 (1994).

"Comparison of Ultrashort -Pulse Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating Traces for Three Common Beam Geometries," K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, et al., J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595-1608 (1994).

"Single-Shot Measurement of the Intensity and Phase of an Arbitrary Ultra-Short Pulse Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating," R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, et al., Lithuanian J. of Physics 33, 247-252 (1993 (appeared in 1995)).

"Single-shot measurement of the amplitude and phase of ultrashort laser pulses in the violet," T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, et al., Opt. Lett.20, 70-72 (1995).

"Single-Shot Measurement of the Intensity and Phase of a Femtosecond Pulse," D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII. J. L. Martin, R. Migus, G. A. Mourou and A. H. Zewail. Berlin, Springer-Verlag (1993).

"Single-Shot Measurement of the Intensity and Phase of a Femtosecond Pulse," D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, in Ultrafast Pulse Generation and Spectroscopy, T. R. Gosnell, A. J. Taylor, K. A. Nelson and M. C. Downer, eds., Bellingham, SPIE Press. 1861: 150-160 (1993).

"Measurement of the intensity and phase of a single ultrashort pulse: A simple and general technique," K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, et al., in Laser Spectroscopy XI, L. A. Bloomfield, T. F. Gallagher and D. J. Larson, eds., Wodbury, NY, American Institute of Physics, 290: 300-301 (1993).

"Single-Shot Measurement of the Intensity and Phase of an Arbitrary Ultrashort Pulse by Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating," D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 18, 823 (1993).

"Using Phase Retrieval to Measure the Intensity and Phase of Ultrashort Pulses: Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating," R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101 (1993).

"Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating," D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29, 571 (1993).

Spectroscopy and Technique Development

"Hadamard Transform Ion Mobility Spectrometry," B. H. Clowers, W. F. Siems, H. H. Hill, and S. M. Massick, Anal. Chem., 78 (1), 44 -51, 2006.

"Simple dense-pattern optical multipass cells," J. A. Silver, Appl. Opt. 44, 6545-6556 (2005).

"Frequency Modulation Spectroscopy for Trace Species Detection: Theory and Comparison Among Experimental Methods," J. A. Silver, Appl. Opt. 31, 707 (1992).

"Frequency Modulation and Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopies: Comparison of Experimental Methods Using a Lead-Salt Diode Laser," D. S. Bomse, A. C. Stanton and J. A. Silver, Appl. Opt. 31, 718 (1992).

"A Dual Modulation Laser Line Locking Scheme," D. S. Bomse, Appl. Opt. 30, 2922 (1991).

"Measurements in the HCl 3 - 0 Band Using a Near-Infrared InGaAsP Diode Laser," A. C. Stanton and J. A. Silver, Appl. Opt. 27, 5009 (1988).

"Optical Interference Fringe Reduction in Laser Absorption Experiments," J. A. Silver and A. C. Stanton, Appl. Opt. 27, 1914 (1988).

"Two-Tone Optical Heterodyne Spectroscopy Using Buried Double Heterostructure Lead-Salt Diode Lasers," J. A. Silver and A. C. Stanton, Appl. Opt. 27, 4438 (1988).


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